Heat pipes are used to transport heat over a distance with very low thermal resistance. This is very helpful when small or distant heat sources need to be dissipated over a larger area or moved to a remote heat exchanger. Heat pipes are a Fluid Phase Change application, often referred to as “re circulating,” because they use a closed loop to transfer heat quickly through evaporation and condensation within the heat pipe.
Heat pipes do not actually dissipate the heat to the environment, but serve to move heat efficiently within a thermal system. A heat pipe is a copper tube with an internal wick structure that is sealed on both ends with a small amount of water inside. As heat is applied to the pipe, the water will boil and turn to a gas, which then travels to the colder section of the heat pipe where it condenses back to a liquid. It is the evaporating and condensing of the water that forms a pumping action to move the water (and thus the heat) from end to end of the pipe.
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